Молдова: Жестокое обращение и отказ в адекватной медицинской помощи Александру Липовченко
Moldova, Republic of: Ill-treatment and denial of adequate medical care for Mr. Oleksandr Lypovchenko
Allegations of ill-treatment/ Denial of adequate medical care/ Critical health conditions / Inhumane and degrading conditions of detention
The International Secretariat of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) requests your URGENT intervention in the following situation in the Republic of Moldova / Transnistria.
Brief Description of the Situation
The International Secretariat of OMCT has been informed by reliable sources about the ill-treatment and denial of adequate medical care of Mr. Oleksandr Lypovchenko, a 37-year-old Ukrainian citizen, held in Prison n°3 in Tiraspol, Transnistria, also known as the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR).
According to the information received, Mr. Lypovchenko, who suffers of hepatitis C and a venous insufficiency called thrombophlebitis that untreated could cause complications, including death, has been detained since 7 July 2015. In a context of alleged acts of ill-treatment, poor conditions of detention, a systematic denial of appropriate medical care and two hunger strikes lasting for several months, his medical condition has reached a critical point since his diseases have widespread.
In December 2015, he was extremely weak and exhausted when his mother visited him. In April 2016, he could hardly move his legs, had yellow blotches because of the hepatitis, and was diagnosed by doctors of the prison with “oedema in the lower limbs”, as consequence of his thrombophlebitis. Mr. Lypovchenko has been denied the option of being examined by external doctors and all the requests for hospitalization would have been constantly rejected on the grounds that his health was satisfactory.
Mr. Lypovchenko‘s case has been brought to the attention of the regional ombudsman, the ombudsman of Moldova, the Deputy Prime minister, the Bureau of reintegration of Moldova and the Ukrainian embassy in Moldova but his situation has not experienced any changes. Furthermore, representatives of the Ukrainian embassy in Moldova, visited the Tiraspol’s Prison No. 3 and assured that the condition of Mr. Lypovchenko was satisfactory, despite the fact that they wouldn’t have seen him in person.
According to the information received, Mr. Oleksandr Lypovchenko was detained on 7 July 2015 by the so-called “investigation committee of inquiry of the PMR” and on 9 July 2015 the Court of Tiraspol emitted a preventive arrest order against him. He was then placed during 10 days in the basement of the Pre-trail Detention Centre of the Tiraspol “Militia”. Then he was transferred to the Temporary Detention Isolator – TDI No. 3 Tiraspol in a 6x4 square meter cell shared with 8 other detainees with no drinkable water and was allowed to shower once a week. Mr. Lypovchenko went on hunger strike from the first day of his detention to approximately mid-October 2015. On 31 July 2015, he was transferred to the psychiatric department of the Republican Hospital in Tiraspol, where he remained until 11 August 2015. Then, he was transferred back to to the Temporary Detention Isolator – TDI No. 3 Tiraspol in a cell of solitary confinement.
According to the same information, in March 2016, Mr. Oleksandr Lypovchenko was hospitalized in the psychiatric section of the medical unit of Isolator No. 3 from Tiraspol. He was forced to psychiatric examination and administered psychotropic substances with used syringes. Despite appeals to the Minister of Justice of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, no explanation of the reason of this hospitalization was given. As a form of protest, Mr. Oleksandr Lypovchenko went newly on hunger strike on 17 March 2016.
On 7, 8 and 14 of April 2016 Mr. Oleksandr Lypovchenko was allegedly beaten in the kidneys by the guardians of Tiraspol’s Isolator No. 3, who used their fists and feet for this purpose. He was then placed, because of his hunger strike, in a solitary confinement cell, where he had to sleep on a concrete floor and, as a result, developed pneumonia. However, Mr. Lypovchenko has never received medical care or treatment for the injuries caused by the acts of ill-treatment he’d have allegedly suffered. On 15 April 2016, a request was sent to the Prosecutor’s Office of Bender to initiate a criminal investigation into the acts of torture and ill-treatment committed against Mr. Lypovchenko.
In May 2016, Mr. Oleksandr Lypovchenko was transferred to the surgery ward of the medical Centre of Isolator No.3 because of his heath condition. Then, he ended his hunger strike on 19 May 2016, when he began to consume food, because he was allegedly administered preparations that stimulated the feeling of hunger.
The OMCT is gravely concerned about the critical health condition of Mr. Oleksandr Lypovchenko and the vital threat that represents the constant denial of adequate medical care, and calls on the de facto Transnistrian authorities to urgently guarantee the physical and psychological integrity of Mr. Oleksandr Lypovchenko and immediately transfer him to specialized institutions where he can receive adequate medical care and treatment.
The OMCT recalls to the de facto Transnistrian administration its responsibility to effectively ensure the physical and psychological integrity of all persons deprived of liberty in accordance with regional and international human rights law, and in particular the European Convention on Human Rights, the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment of Punishment, and the UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners.